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Recombinant Human MSTN

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Product Source Size Cat. No. Price
Recombinant Human MSTN E. coli10 µg Z100255 $70.00
100 µg Z100257 $390.00
1.0 mg Z100259 $3,276.00
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Data Sheet
Print Version
Alternative Names MSTN, Growth differentiation factor 8, GDF-8
Recombinant Human Myostatin (MSTN)
Description Growth differentiation Factor 8 (GDF-8), also known as myostatin, is a secreted protein that is expressed specifically in developing and adult skeletal muscle. It controls myoblast proliferation and is a potent negative regulator of skeletal muscle mass. GDF-8 belongs to the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) superfamily, which includes the TGF-betas, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs), growth differentiation factors (GDFs), activins, inhibins, leftys, nodal, Mullerian inhibitory substance (MIS) and the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factors (GDNFs). All TGF-β superfamily members are synthesized and secreted as a homodimeric prepropeptide that is cleaved by proprotein convertases such as furin to generate the dimeric N-terminal propeptide and the dimeric C-terminal mature active protein. The C-terminal mature protein contains the characteristic conserved cysteine residues involved in the formation of the cysteine knot domain. Mouse GDF-8 cDNA encodes a 376 amino acid residue (aa) preproprotein with a putative 24 aa signal peptide, a 243 aa propeptide and a 109 aa mature protein. As is the case with most TGF-beta family proteins, GDF-8 is highly conserved across species. Mature human, mouse, rat, and cow GDF-8 share 100% aa sequence identity. Among TGF-beta family members, GDF-8 is most closely related to GDF- 11/BMP-11. The two proteins share 65% overall aa sequence, within their mature regions, the two proteins differ only by 11 aa.residues. Similarly to TGF-beta-1, 2, and 3, the GDF-8 homodimeric propeptide and mature protein remained non- covalently linked after proteolytic cleavage, and is released as a biologically inactive latent complex that does bind its receptor. In serum, GDF-8 has also been found to exist in a large latent complex that also included FLGR (follistatin-related gene) and GASP-1 (growth and differentiation factor- associated serum protein-1) in addition to the propeptide. Recombinant GDF-8 propeptide is capable of associating with the active GDF-8 with high-affinity to reconstitute the latent complex and is potent GDF-8 antagonist.
Gene Symbol MSTN
Gene ID 2660
Accession No. O14793
Source E. coli
Appearance Lyophilized Powder
Molecular Weight 13.0 kDa
Endotoxin Level <1.0 EU/μg of recombinant protein as determined by the LAL method.
Purity >95% as determined by SDS-PAGE
Gel Image Click To Enlarge
Bioactivity The ED(50) was determined by the dose-dependent proliferation inhibition of human MPC-11 cells was found to be in the range of 20-40 ng/mL.
Formulation Recombinant Myostatin was lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered Tris solution pH 8.0.
Reconstitution A quick spin of the vial followed by reconstitution in distilled water to a concentration not less than 0.1 mg/mL. This solution can then be diluted into other buffers.
Storage The lyophilized protein is stable for at least one year from date of receipt at -70°C. Upon reconstitution, this cytokine can be stored in working aliquots at 2° - 8°C for one month, or at -20°C for six months, with a carrier protein without detectable loss of activity. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.
Usage For research use only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic use.
Product Documents
Product References
FAQs
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How are endotoxin levels measured?
1. For estimating the endotoxin levels; we use the LAL (Limulus Amebocyte Lysate) method: The lysate from horseshoe crab amebocytes clots in the presence of very low endotoxin. This reaction is the basis of the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay which was approved by the FDA in 1970.

· Endotoxin is generally measured in Endotoxin Units per milliliter (EU/mL).

· For recombinant proteins: EU is reported per microgram of protein.

· One EU = 0.1-0.2 ng endotoxin/µg of protein.

· At abm, we do the LAL chromogenic assays that can detect down to 0.01 EU/ml.
With regard to the BSA levels in some Growth Factors and Cytokines, can you please provide an explanation as to why they are so high?
The amount of BSA, as part of the formulation of a protein, can vary considerably depending on how much BSA was deemed optimum/necessary for protein stability in combination with /in-lieu of - other possible additives. The aforementioned formulations are somewhat analogous to the “carrier” versions of many formulations from “R and D systems” that have as high as 50 µg of BSA per µg of the recombinant protein product. If, needed or desired, abm scientists can substitute BSA for other stabilizing additives for most formulations.
Are your Escherichia coli sourced growth factors: 1) Human derived materials free? 2) Recombinant proteins free?
Yes, all of abm's growth factors made in Escherichia coli using recombinant technology contain no human derived-products or other recombinant proteins. In the rare cases of BSA presence, this will be mentioned in the product's formulation.