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Recombinant Human TNF
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|Alternative Names||Tumor necrosis factor, Cachectin, TNF, Tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 2, TNF-a
Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (TNFA)
|Description||Tumor Necrosis Factor is secreted by macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, T cells, natural killer cells following their stimulation by bacterial lipopolysaccharides. Cells expressing CD4 secrete TNF-alpha while CD8(+) cells secrete little or no TNF-alpha. Stimulated peripheral neutrophilic granulocytes but also unstimulated cells and also a number of transformed cell lines, astrocytes, microglial cells, smooth muscle cells, and fibroblasts also secrete TNF. Human milk also contains this factor. The synthesis of TNF-alpha is induced by many different stimuli including interferons, IL-2, GM-CSF, SP, Bradykinin, immune complexes, inhibitors of cyclooxygenase, and PAF (platelet activating factor). Human TNF-alpha is a non-glycosylated protein of 17 kDa and a length of 157 amino acids. Murine TNF-alpha is N-glycosylated. Homology with TNF-beta is approximately 30%. TNF-alpha forms dimers and trimers.|
|Molecular Weight||18.0 kDa|
|Endotoxin Level||<1.0 EU/μg of recombinant protein as determined by the LAL method.|
|Purity||>95% as determined by SDS-PAGE|
|Bioactivity||The ED(50) was determined cytolysis of murine L929 cells in the presence of Actinomycin D is ≤ 0.02 ng/mL, corresponding to a specific activity of > 5.0 x 10^7 units/mg.|
|Formulation||TNF-a was lyophilized from a 0.2μm filtered concentrated (1.0 mg/mL) solution in PBS, pH 7.2.|
|Reconstitution||A quick spin of the vial followed by reconstitution in distilled water to a concentration not less than 0.1 mg/mL. This solution can then be diluted into other buffers.|
|Storage||The lyophilized protein is stable for at least one year from date of receipt at -70°C. Upon reconstitution, this cytokine can be stored in working aliquots at 2° - 8°C for one month, or at -20°C for six months, with a carrier protein without detectable loss of activity. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Usage||For research use only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic use.|
· Endotoxin is generally measured in Endotoxin Units per milliliter (EU/mL).
· For recombinant proteins: EU is reported per microgram of protein.
· One EU = 0.1-0.2 ng endotoxin/µg of protein.
· At abm, we do the LAL chromogenic assays that can detect down to 0.01 EU/ml.