Recombinant Human HCC-1 (CCL14) (E. coli)
|Growth Factor Size||10 µg|
|Unit quantity||10 µg|
|Family||Chemokine-beta Family (CC)|
|Aliases||C-C motif chemokine 14, Chemokine CC-1, HCC1, HCC-3, HCC-1(1-74), NCC-2, Small-inducible cytokine A14, CCL14, NCC2, SCYA14|
|Molecular Weight||9 kDa|
|Endotoxin Level||<1.0 EU/µg of recombinant protein as determined by the LAL method.|
|Purity||>95% as determined by SDS-PAGE|
|Formulation||Recombinant HCC-1 was lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered 20 mM PB,100 mM NaCl solution pH 7.5.|
|Function||Determined by its ability to chemoattract human monocytes using a concentration range of 2-40 ng/mL.|
|Reconstitution||A quick spin of the vial followed by reconstitution in distilled water to a concentration not less than 0.1 mg/mL. This solution can then be diluted into other buffers.|
|Storage||The lyophilized protein is stable for at least one year from date of receipt at -70°C. Upon reconstitution, this cytokine can be stored in working aliquots at 2° - 8°C for one month, or at -20°C for six months, with a carrier protein without detectable loss of activity. Avoid repeated freeze/thaw cycles.|
|Usage||For research use only. Not for diagnostic or therapeutic use.|
|Description||Hemofiltrate C-C chemokine (HCC)-1 is a recently described monocyte chemoattractant. CCL14 (also known as HCC-1) belongs to the CC chemokine family. Its mature propeptide is a low-affinity agonist of CCR1 that is converted to a high-affinity agonist of CCR1 and CCR5 on proteolytic processing by serine proteases. Determination of the amino acid sequence of HCC-1 revealed four cysteine residues in positions characteristic of the C-C chemokine family, and comparison with the sequences of other chemokines revealed that HCC-1 was most homologous to MIP-1a. However, several functional properties of HCC-1 were atypical of chemokines. Unlike other chemokines, HCC-1 was expressed constitutively in a number of tissues and was present at high concentrations in normal human plasma. In addition, HCC-1 was reported not to be chemotactic for leukocytes.|
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|How are endotoxin levels measured?|
1. For estimating the endotoxin levels; we use the LAL (Limulus Amebocyte Lysate) method: The lysate from horseshoe crab amebocytes clots in the presence of very low endotoxin. This reaction is the basis of the Limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) assay which was approved by the FDA in 1970. · Endotoxin is generally measured in Endotoxin Units per milliliter (EU/mL). · For recombinant proteins: EU is reported per microgram of protein. · One EU = 0.1-0.2 ng endotoxin/µg of protein. · At abm, we do the LAL chromogenic assays that can detect down to 0.01 EU/ml.
|With regard to the BSA levels in some Growth Factors and Cytokines, can you please provide an explanation as to why they are so high?|
The amount of BSA, as part of the formulation of a protein, can vary considerably depending on how much BSA was deemed optimum/necessary for protein stability in combination with /in-lieu of - other possible additives. The aforementioned formulations are somewhat analogous to the “carrier” versions of many formulations from “R and D systems” that have as high as 50 µg of BSA per µg of the recombinant protein product. If, needed or desired, abm scientists can substitute BSA for other stabilizing additives for most formulations.
|Are your Escherichia coli sourced growth factors: 1) Human derived materials free? 2) Recombinant proteins free?|
Yes, all of abm's growth factors made in Escherichia coli using recombinant technology contain no human derived-products or other recombinant proteins. In the rare cases of BSA presence, this will be mentioned in the product's formulation.
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